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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-16

Resource utilization in the management of traumatic brain injury patients in a critical care unit: An audit from a rural set-up of a developing country


1 Department of Neurosurgery, MM Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana- Ambala, 133203 (Haryana), India
2 Department of ENT, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, India
4 Department of Anesthesiology, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Agrawal
Department of Neurosurgery, MM Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana- Ambala, 133203 (Haryana)
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.79276

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Background : Neurosurgical patients including patients with severe head injury are at risk of developing respiratory complications. These can adversely affect the outcome and can result in poor survival. Many studies confirm that tracheostomy is a safe, effective method of airway management for patients with severe head, facial and multisystem organ trauma. Aims : To know the indications for performing early tracheostomy and its outcome. Settings and Design : Retrospective data analysis. Materials and Methods: The present study is a retrospective analysis of all patients who were admitted with the diagnosis of head injury between January 2007 and December 2009 and underwent tracheostomy at a rural tertiary care trauma center of Central India. Results : During the study period, a total of 40 patients with head injury underwent tracheostomy. All the patients sustained head injury in road traffic accidents. The mean age of the patients was 37.6 years (range 14-75 years, standard deviation 14 ± 14.9 years). Maximum number of patients were in their third decade of life, followed by those in the fifth and fourth decades. There were 36 males and 4 females. Tracheostomy was performed in 30 patients with severe head injury, 9 patients with moderate head injury and in only one case of mild head injury as the patient had multiple facial injuries compromising the airway. Conclusions : Neurocritical care is a relatively new field in India, and the facilities for critical neurosurgical patients are available only in a very few tertiary care centers mainly serving the urban areas. In the present study, we discuss our limited experience with tracheostomy in patients with head injury while facing the challenge of limited resources.


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