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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-20

Mid-gestational serum uric acid concentration effect on neonate birth weight and insulin resistance in pregnant women

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
2 Department of Endocrinology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
3 Thyroid Research Center, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Health Policy and Promotion Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Reza Rezvanfar
Department of Endocrinology, School of medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.152309

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Objective : To investigate the relationship between mid-gestational serum uric acid and birth weight in diabetic pregnant women with or without insulin resistance. Methods: In a prospective cohort study, fasting uric acid, blood glucose, and serum insulin were measured in 247 pregnant women between 20-22 weeks of gestational period. Insulin resistance was estimated using the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Stratification analysis and independent t-test was used to assess the association between uric acid and birth weights regarding to insulin resistance. Results : The means of the mid-gestational serum uric acid concentrations were not significantly different in women with and without insulin resistance. But stratification analysis showed that there was a significant difference between uric acid concentration and macrosomic birth in diabetic women without insulin resistance. Conclusions: Higher mid - gestation serum uric acid concentration, even if it does not exceed the normal range, is accompanied by lower birth weight only in non-insulin resistance women. Insulin resistance could have a negative confounding effect on hyperuriemia and birth weight.

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