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SYMPOSIUM - ICU & TRAUMA PROCEDURE COMPLICATION
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 170-178

Central line complications


1 Department of Surgery, Summa Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio, United States
2 Division of Critical Care Medicine, Summa Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio, United States

Correspondence Address:
Michael S Firstenberg
Department of Surgery (Cardiothoracic), Assistant Professor of Surgery and Integrative Medicine, Northeast Ohio Medical University, Summa Akron City Hospital, 75 Arch Street, Suite 407, Akron, Ohio-44309
United States
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.164940

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Central venous access is a common procedure performed in many clinical settings for a variety of indications. Central lines are not without risk, and there are a multitude of complications that are associated with their placement. Complications can present in an immediate or delayed fashion and vary based on type of central venous access. Significant morbidity and mortality can result from complications related to central venous access. These complications can cause a significant healthcare burden in cost, hospital days, and patient quality of life. Advances in imaging, access technique, and medical devices have reduced and altered the types of complications encountered in clinical practice; but most complications still center around vascular injury, infection, and misplacement. Recognition and management of central line complications is important when caring for patients with vascular access, but prevention is the ultimate goal. This article discusses common and rare complications associated with central venous access, as well as techniques to recognize, manage, and prevent complications.


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