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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 70-75

Road traffic accidents in Bangladesh: Why people have poor knowledge and awareness about traffic rules?


1 Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, 6205, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
2 Department of Psychology and Counseling, Faculty of Business, Economic and Social Development, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
3 Department of Community Health, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Md Mosharaf Hossain
Department of Psychology and Counseling, Faculty of Business, Economic and Social Development, University Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu
Malaysia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_65_19

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Purpose: The study aimed to identify the characteristics of road traffic accident (RTA) and to determine the role of different socioeconomic and demographic factors on the knowledge and awareness about traffic rules among people in Bangladesh. Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Methods: To conduct this study, 700 primary data were collected from respondents who were involved in RTA by interviewing in medical college hospitals and several private clinics of Dhaka, Rajshahi, and Khulna division in Bangladesh. For the achievement of the objective, the Chi-square test, Cramer's V correlation, and the logistic regression model have been applied in this study. Results: Traffic rules violation was identified as the second-most important reason behind RTA. Respondent's age, gender, residence, education, occupation, awareness about RTA, etc., were significantly associated with having knowledge and awareness about traffic rules. The result of multivariate analysis showed that respondent's age (<30: odds ratio [OR] = 2.019, confidence interval [CI]: 1.377–2.960); residence (rural: OR = 0.288, CI: 0.193–0.431); education (literate: OR = 5.064, CI: 3.332–7.698); and categories of victims (driver: OR = 2.731, CI: 1.676–4.450 and passenger: 1.869, CI: 1.198–2.916) were the vital predictors of having knowledge and awareness about traffic rules. Conclusions: By imposing strict traffic act, increasing public awareness through various types of education and awareness/outreach about traffic rules-related program, especially in rural areas, by strictly prohibiting the license giving to unskilled drivers or unfit vehicles, RTA can be minimized.


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