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CASE REPORT
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 53-56

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) associated with invasive pulmonary Aspergillosis in a patient with a low CD4+ T-cell count: A case report


1 Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Republic of Korea

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jeong Rae Yoo
Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju National University School of Medicine, 15 Aran 13-gil, Jeju 63241
Republic of Korea
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IJCIIS.IJCIIS_96_19

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Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is associated with a high mortality caused by rapidly progressive multiple organ failure. SFTS virus induces immunosuppression, mediated by interleukin-10 production, reduction of CD3+ and CD4+ T cells, and cytokine storms, and this may lead to various complications in critical SFTS patients. Recently, there have been reports of cases of invasive pulmonary Aspergillosis (IPA) in patients with SFTS in the absence of predisposing factors of IPA. However, there is no known relationship between SFTS and mycosis. Here, we report a SFTS patient with a low CD4+ T-cell count and a high viral load, who developed possible IPA in the absence of common risk factors for mycosis. This case adds to the evidence that IPA may occur as a complication of SFTS.


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