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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 283-287

A Multi Factorial Analysis of the epidemiology of Injuries from Falls from Heights


1 Sports Injury Centre, Safdarjang Hospital, Delhi, India
2 Department of Anaesthesiology, School of Medical Science and Research, Sharda University, Knowledge Park III, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthopaedics, School of Medical Science and Research, Sharda University, Knowledge Park III, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vineet Jain
House No. 194, Sector 21-C, Faridabad, Haryana - 121 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2229-5151.147519

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Background: Fall from height is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in suburban population in India. These cases are either domestic or workplace injuries with different causative factors. We analyzed different aspects of these falls to identify their risk factors. Materials and Methods: We conducted prospective and retrospective epidemiological study to identify various causative, contributory factors, and resultant injuries in cases of fall from height. The study group comprised of semiurban population and involved both domestic and workplace injuries presenting to a tertiary care hospital. Results: There were 208 cases of workplace (112) and domestic (96) fall from height. In domestic cases absence of parapet on roof was the commonest cause, most of falls occurred during summer and rainy season. Alcohol consumption prior to fall was commonest associated factor in adult males. Children mostly fell while playing on roof and climbing trees. Among workplace cases, civil construction site injuries were commonest and absence of any protective gear and long working and evening hours were commonest associated factors. Mean injury severity score was 10.86 in domestic cases and 14.87 in workplace cases. There were 17 mortalities with head injury being commonest associated cause. Only difference in incidence of alcohol consumption and permanent disability was statistically significant between workplace and domestic falls. Conclusion: Different factors are responsible for domestic and workplace cases of fall from height. Most of these cases are potentially preventable.


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